Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 195
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programs would constitute a positive first step in creating school libraries that are truly viable
with the elementary population.
In the absence of strong correlations to test scores at the elementary school level, the
connection between staffing levels and activities like the following may inform the decisions of
school board members, district and school administrators, and school site council members in
setting budget priorities:
* Instructing students in the use of resources
* Providing reference assistance
* Providing reading, listening and viewing guidance for students
* Providing instruction on Internet searching and research
* Offering curriculum-integrated information literacy instruction
At all levels, including elementary, the services that the library program regularly provided its
school community were directly related to the amounts of both certificated and total library
staffing, and with few exceptions, total staffing more strongly correlated with delivery of those
services than did certificated staffing alone.
Library media specialists and the academic community must lead the effort to identify the
best practices which connect school library programs at the high school level so strongly to
student achievement. They must lead parallel efforts at the elementary and middle school, where
a critical mass of successful school library programs does not appear to exist. The best practices
of successful school library programs at all levels must also be shared with pre-service teachers
and administrators in their credential programs. Because there are so few certificated library
professional grades k-8, many teachers and administrators will never have the opportunity to
experience the benefits of a strong library program first-hand unless that happens as part of their
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/209/: accessed January 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .