Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 171
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level of school library services does not vary in relationship to certificated library staffing levels,
At each of the three grade levels, all bivariate correlations between total library staffing
levels and library services were also statistically significant; these correlations were generally
stronger than those between certificated staffing levels and library services at each level, too.
These correlations increased in strength with grade level, grade 4 exhibiting the weakest
correlations and grade 11 exhibiting the strongest. The null hypothesis for research question 7,
that the level of school library services does not vary in relationship to total library staffing
levels, was thus rejected.
At the elementary level, while there was not a positive significant relationship between
total staffing levels and student achievement, there was a positive correlation between the
services the library provided and student achievement. The consistently positive significant
correlations between total staffing levels and services provided appears to contradict the lack of
positively significant correlation between total staffing and student achievement. What can be
concluded, though, is that total staffing tends to correlate more strongly with services offered
than does certificated staff alone. This is seen most starkly in the differences in r values
between certificated staffing and total staffing levels in correlations with hours open, total
technology, and total services, as indicated in table 68.
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/185/: accessed July 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .