Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 167
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and library services provided and suggest that total staffing is an even better indicator of services
provided than solely certificated staffing. See Table 66 for a summary.
Comparison of Bivariate Correlations, Certificated Staffing Levels and Total Staffing Levels with
Regularly Provided Library Services, Grade 8
Library Service Certificated Staff Total Staffing
Offered a program of curriculum-integrated
information literacy instruction
Informally instructed students in the use of resources
Planned or conducted workshops for teachers
Assisted school curriculum committee with
Collaborated with teachers to develop, implement, and
evaluate student learning two or more hours per week
Provided teachers with information about new
Provided reference assistance to students and teachers
Helped students and teachers find and use resources
outside school library
Facilitated interlibrary loan for students and teachers
Provided reading, listening, and viewing guidance for
Helped parents realize importance of lifelong learning
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/181/: accessed June 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .