Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 166
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Table 65 (continued)
Library Service Certificated Staff Total Staffing
Attended meetings of school site council, .04* .16**
two or more times per school year
Budget .05** .18*
Total Technology .09** .38**
Print Collection Size .07** .23**
Clerical Staff Hours -.27** .72**
Total Library Services .18** .38**
*p< .05,**p <.001.
All correlations between library services and certificated library staffing levels at the
middle school level were significant except one-coordination of cable TV, distance education,
and related activities-- and those correlations were typically stronger than at the elementary level.
Correlations were strongest among the following services: offering a program of curriculum-
integrated information literacy instruction (r = .52, p <.001), total library services (r = .46, p
<.001), planning or conducting workshops for teachers total library services (r = .44, p <.001),
collaboration with teachers to develop student learning (r = .41, p <.001 and total technology (r
= .39, p <.001). Again, there was a significant negative correlation with clerical staffing, r -
All correlations between library services and total library staffing levels at the middle
school were significant; these correlations were stronger than those with certificated library
staffing in twenty-two of twenty-seven services, most notably in hours open (r = .68, p <.001),
total technology (r = .60, p <.001), and total library services (r = .59, p <.001). Data from
middle school more strongly demonstrate a relationship between the level of certificated staffing
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/180/: accessed February 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .