Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 3
overall methodology of the Sinclair-Tarr and Tarr study (2004) deviates enough from other state-
wide studies to make comparisons to those studies difficult. These limitations create the need for
another California study that can establish a reliable baseline for examining the relationship
between student achievement and elements of a school library program in California.
This descriptive, non-experimental study examines the correlations between California
school library media programs and student achievement using a methodology that allows for
easy comparisons to other state-wide studies. It provides an overview of the role of the LMS and
the school library media program as articulated in the standards and guidelines of professional
organizations and academic literature, followed by a review of the research that explores the
relationships among the LMS, the school library media program, and student achievement.
Specifically, this study uses data from California criterion-referenced state-wide tests, a state
survey of school library programs, and publically available data on school and community
factors to answer the following question: How does student achievement vary in relationship to
the elements of a school library media program? This global question is addressed through a
number of other questions that examine relationships between student achievement and specific
school library media program elements:
1. How does student achievement vary, if at all, in relationship to the levels of
certificated staffing in school library media programs?
2. How does student achievement vary, if at all, in relationship to the levels of
combined certificated and clerical staffing in school library media programs?
3. How does student achievement vary, if at all, in relationship to library staff
services provided, either independently or in combination?
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/17/ocr/: accessed March 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .