Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 141
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
At the eighth grade level, each library program element was significantly related to
English Language Arts CST scores in bivariate correlations. Significance persisted using each of
the six school and community controls in partial correlations involving both hours open and total
technology. Partial correlations with hours open ranged from r= .11 to r = .25. Partial
correlations with total technology ranged from r= .12 to r = .24. Significance values in each of
these correlations were less than .001. With collection size and budget, bivariate correlations
were significant but very weak (.05 and .06 respectively, p <.001); relationships to English
Language Arts CST scores strengthen in some partial correlations and fell to insignificance with
others. See Table 45 for results.
Bivariate and Partial Correlations, Library Program Elements and English Language Arts CST
Scores, Grade 8
Control Hours Open Collection Size Budget Total Technology
None (bivariate .16** .05** .06** .19**
Parent education .17** .07** .05 .12**
Free and reduced lunch .20** .20** .09** .21**
Ethnicity .23** .15** .12** .24**
Percent English learners .25** .15** .10** .22**
Average teacher salary .11** .00 .03 .14**
Percent teachers fully .14** .02 .06 .15*
**p < .001
In bivariate correlations with eighth grade social studies CST scores, each library
program again yielded significant results. Both hours open and total technology remained
Here’s what’s next.
This dissertation can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Dissertation.
Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/155/: accessed March 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .