Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 133
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Bivariate Correlation, English Language Arts CST and Library Services, Grade 11
Library Service r
Offered a program of curriculum-integrated information literacy instruction .38**
Informally instructed students in the use of resources .47**
Planned or conducted workshops for teachers .22**
Assisted school curriculum committee with recommendations .23 * *
Collaborated with teachers to develop, implement, and evaluate student learning two .28**
or more hours per week
Provided teachers with information about new resources .48**
Provided reference assistance to students and teachers .47**
Helped students and teachers find and use resources outside school library .41**
Facilitated interlibrary loan for students and teachers .17**
Provided reading, listening, and viewing guidance for students .34**
Helped parents realize importance of lifelong learning .20**
Coordinated in-school production of materials .16**
Coordinated video production and dissemination activities .07*
Coordinated cable TV, distance education, and related activities .05
Coordinated school or library computer networks .27**
Provided access to online library catalog and circulation .45**
Provided Internet access for students in the library .46**
Provided instruction on Internet searching and research .43**
Provided electronic access to a resource sharing network .30**
Communicated proactively with principal .44**
Attended meetings of school site council, two or more times per school year .31**
Total Services .49**
*p <.05, **p <.001
Total services remained statistically significant in all partial correlations using school and
community controls as well; as seen in Table 41, these correlations ranged from r = .45 when
controlling for average teacher salary to .53 when controlling for the percent of English learners.
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/147/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .