Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 112
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California High School Libraries Responding to Library Survey
Type of Library Number Percent
School Library 751 76.1
Joint Use Library 9 0.9
Use an adjacent library 34 3.4
No library 193 19.6
Total 965 100.0
Certificated Library Staff Hours, Grade 11
Certificated Staffing Level Number Percent
No certificated staff 435 44.1
Less than half-time 34 3.4
Half-time or more, but not full-time 46 4.7
1 FTE 402 40.7
More than 1 FTE 70 7.1
Total 987 100.0
The mean English Language Arts CST score was 316.60, with a standard deviation of 37.41, n =
987; the mean U.S. History CST score was 320.02, with a standard deviation of 31.57, n = 965,
both scores normally distributed.
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/126/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .