Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 103
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Data from the California Department of Education School Library Survey is available on
school and county basis. The entire data file is available on request and was received as a
comma-delimited (.csv) file. Data files of the entire battery of STAR test scores are publically
available as either comma-delimited or ASCII downloads from the CDE Website, as are the
demographic data from the API scores and school data from the SARC.
The California School Library Survey data does not include the names or positions of
those who complete the survey, so no identification of individuals is possible. Data files for CST
tests and the API are publically available; test scores are reported with the whole school as the
principle analysis unit. Test scores and demographic data are available by subgroups such as
ethnicity, English language fluency, gender, and other school and community subgroups; to
safeguard students' identities, no scores are reported among subgroups of fewer than ten
individuals. No individual data is reported.
The Institutional Review Board at the University of North Texas determined that,
consistent with Department of Health and Human Service regulations at 45 CFR 46.101(b), this
research study would be exempt from further review because it constituted "research, involving
the collection or study of existing data, documents, records, pathological specimens, or
diagnostic specimens, if these sources are publicly available, or if the information is recorded by
the investigator in such a manner that subjects cannot be identified, directly or through identifiers
linked to the subjects" (IRB Guidelines, 2007).
This study used four sources of data: the California Department of Education School
Library Survey from 2006-2007; the CST scores for grades 4, 8 and 11; the demographic data
available through the 2007 API scores, and the school data available through SARC. All four
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/117/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .