Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 99
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The purpose of this survey was to collect data about elements of a school library program
in California, to measure school library media program progress, and to create a point of
comparison with national statistics (B. Jeffus & J. McGinnis, personal communication,
November 17, 2007). Jeffus and McGinnis noted that the survey was modified based on input
from the CSLA curriculum committee, the CSLA governing board, David Loertscher from San
Jose State University, and representatives from large California school districts. The second year
of the survey replaced many of the fill-in items with multiple choice responses, which improved
the reliability of the instrument (B. Jeffus & J. McGinnis, personal communication, November
17, 2007). In addition, survey participants were able to identify their county, district and school
codes online, which made it easier to track who had responded and to more easily match this data
set with other data collected by the state, including demographics and test results. Minor changes
have been made to the test since that time based on feedback from survey participants and
consultations with the California School Library Association and library leaders from major
school districts throughout California. In 2005, data collection was taken over by the
Technology Services Division of the CDE; changes to the online interface have made results
more reliable. Data is now collected and validation statistics are run. Outlying data are identified
by the Technology Services Division and verified by the School Library Consultant's office
where possible; data from schools reporting anomalies that cannot be verified are discarded (B.
Jeffus & J. McGinnis, personal communication, November 17, 2007). See Appendix A for the
The CDE School Library Survey also reflects the theoretical models offered by
Loertscher (2000) and Todd & Kuhlthau (2004). Figure 4 illustrates the survey's alignment with
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/113/: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .