Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 92
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Loertscher's model grew out of a history of professional and academic work that increasingly
emphasizes the library media specialist's instructional role. Based on analysis of survey
responses from faculty and students at 39 Ohio schools, Todd and Kuhlthau (2004) extend this
model by further delineating the LMS's roles as informational and transformational. Figure 3
shows the traditional role of LMS as information specialist in tandem with the transformational
roles as curriculum partner and leader acting on knowledge creation, increased problem solving
skills, and higher academic achievement by students, so that the school library program becomes
a "dynamic agent of learning." Todd and Kuhlthau identified eight roles the LMS plays in this
* Resource Agent: Provide current and diverse resources for curricular and personal
information needs; provide instruction in choosing resources and information
* Information Literacy Agent: Instruct and guide students in the research process; help
students become reflective researchers who make a connection between an effective
search process and academic success.
* Knowledge construction agent: provide instructional interventions to build information
literacy and help students construct and demonstrate new knowledge and understanding.
* Academic achievement agent: use expertise in the pedagogy of information literacy, team
teaching and learning, learning styles, and individualized instruction in responding to the
diverse needs of students to boost academic achievement.
* Independent reading and personal development agent: foster independent reading, plan
and develop ways to promote and encourage reading for academic achievement, personal
pleasure, and lifelong learning.
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/106/: accessed December 14, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .