Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 91
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The Library Media Specialist's Taxonomy for the Library Media Program
1. NO INVOLVEMENT -- The Library media center is bypassed entirely.
2. SELF-HELP WAREHOUSE -- Facilities and materials are available for the
3. INDIVIDUAL REFERENCE ASSISTANCE -- Students or teachers retrieve
requested information or materials for specific needs.
4. SPONTANEOUS INTERACTION AND GATHERING -- Spur-of-the-
moment activities and gathering of materials occur with no advance notice.
5. CURSORY PLANNING -- Informal and brief planning with teachers and
students for librarian and library media center involvement -- usually done in the
hall, the teachers' lounge, the lunchroom, etc. (Ex., "Here's an idea for an activity
and some materials to use." "Have you seen ... ?" "What are you doing with your
6th grade? Can I help?")
6. PLANNED GATHERING - Gathering of materials is done in advance of class
project upon teacher request.
7. EVANGELISTIC OUTREACH -- A concerted effort is made to promote the
philosophy of an integrated library media center program.
8. IMPLEMENTATION OF 4 MAJOR PROGRAMMATIC ELEMENTS
OF THE LMC PROGRAM- The four elements--
b. Reading literacy
c. Enhancing learning through technology
d. Information literacy--
are operational in the school. The LMC is on its way to achieving its goal of
contributing to academic achievement.
9. THE MATURE LMC PROGRAM-The LMC program reaches the needs of
every student and teacher who will accept its offerings in each of the four
10. CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT -- Along with other educators, the library
media specialist contributes to the planning and structure of what will actually
be taught in the school or district.
Figure 2. Loertscher's library media specialist's taxonomy. From Loertscher, D. (2000).
Taxonomies of the School Library Media Program. 2nd edition. San Jose: Hi Willow Research
and Publishing. Reproduced with permission.
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/105/: accessed January 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .