Muscadine Grapes Page: 5
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Muscadine grapes may be propagated from seed or by cuttings,
layers, or grafts.
Muscadine grapes should be grown from seed only when it is de-
sired to produce new varieties, as in plant breeding. In common with
most other fruits, these grapes do not come true from seed.
Although many methods of propagating muscadine grapes from
cuttings have been tried, none has proved altogether satisfactory.
Always fewer 1)lants than desired a'e )pr'odu(ced, because the very hard
wood of muscadine grapes does inot callus readily and does not put
out roots freely. Better results have been obtained outdoors in north-
ern Florida than in eastern North Carolina because the climate and
soil conditions are more favorable for the production of roots. In field
planting the best results have been obtained by using long cuttings
(15 to 18 inches) of short-jointed, mediumn-sized, well-ripened wood
cut in the early winter and stored in a callusing mound until about the
first of April and then planted in a nursery row in well-prepared
ground, with only one or two buds at the top left above ground.
Success in rooting cuttings is determined to some extent by moisture
conditions; if the soil dries out, the cuttings do not thrive. It is also
important to keep the nursery free from grass and other weeds. Con-
siderable difference has been found to exist in the relative rooting
qualities of different varieties. Some of the staminate muscadines
root with relative ease. Of the coniinercial varieties, the Thomas and
Flowers give the best results, the James and Eden are intermediate,
and the Scuppernong roots with greatest difficulty. The Memory and
Creswell varieties also root relatively easily. In the most successful
tests with Scuppernoug at Willard. N. C., only 4 percent rooted,
whereas as many as 48 percent of the Thomas cuttings rooted outdoors.
Scuppernong James Flowers
Thomas Mish Eden
Figure 4.-Typical muscadine grape seeds, showing differences in size and type
for different species and varieties. In each set the middle seed shows the
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Dearing, Charles. Muscadine Grapes, pamphlet, 1947; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc97265/m1/7/: accessed December 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.