Muscadine Grapes Page: 4
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FARMERS' BULLETIN 1785
Figure 3.-Fruit and branches of Vitis munsoniana (about half natural size).
even large branches when permitted to do so. The leaves are below
medium size, smooth and shiny on both sides, more or less round to
broadly cordate with a wide, rather shallow basal sinus, and gell-
erally not lobed, though sometimes slightly three-lobed. The mar-
gills of the leaves are prominelltly toothed.
The fruit clusters are more or less roundish, ranging from loose
to compact, and are relatively small, consisting of 1 to 40 berries.
generally 4 to 10. The berries are round and range from very small
to very large. They are green, pearly, bronze, red, or black and
usually are more or less speckled with red or russet dots. The skin is
relatively thick and tough, sometimes giving the impression of leather-
iness; the pulp varies from meaty to melting and juicy. The seeds
(fig. 4), of which there are 2 to 4 and occasionally 1, 5, or 6, vary
with the variety from small to very large. They are flattened, shal-
low, broad, notched, with very short, pointed beak and narrow raphe
and cllalaza, surrounded by radiating wrinkles. In all the older varie-
ties the pollen is almost all abortive. The staminate, or male, vines
have pollen-bearing stamens but abortive pistils. Planting of stanli-
Inate vines for cross-pollination is essential. The muscadine vines are
late in leafing out and flowering in the spring, and the fruit of most
varieties is late in maturing.
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Dearing, Charles. Muscadine Grapes, pamphlet, 1947; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc97265/m1/6/: accessed December 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.