Domestic disturbances Page: 74
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35 to 50 yards. Although it is not likely that a grenade M25
could be thrown back after it was thrown into a mob, to be
most effective the grenade should be thrown so that bursting
occurs about 6 feet off the ground and 20 yards upwind from
the mob. A single grenade M25 when burst in this manner,
using a 0o miles per hour wind, will lacrimate individuals
effectively at I5o yards downwind. Obviously, to affect per-
sons coming into the area after this gas cloud has passed by
will necessitate the use of additional grenades. Although
heavy grass and weeds will assist in prolonging the effects
of the grenade M25, the real persistency of the CN powder
is determined by the amount of the powder absorbed by or
on the individual and the length of time necessary to free
his body of the effects. (See TB 3-300-3, including C I.)
74. SUMMARY. a. Principal factors determining the tac-
tics to be employed:
(I) Wind direction and velocity.
(2) Area occupied by, or to be denied, rioters.
(3) Type, kind, and quantity of munitions on hand.
(4) Temper and objective of the rioters.
b. Procedure for using chemicals. (I) Determine area
to be covered.
(2) Determine direction of wind.
(3) Determine line of release of the gas.
(4) Use sufficient quantity of chemical munitions.
(5) Provide definite avenues of escape for the mob.
c. General tactical considerations. (I) Where force is
necessary, chemical agents will frequently accomplish the
mission without permanent physical injury to rioters.
(2) Prompt action is essential.
(3) Troops must be masked before the gas attack begins.
(4) The grenadiers must be provided with adequate pro-
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/80/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.