Domestic disturbances Page: 73
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nade should burst on the ground within the crowd, there
is little chance for injuries from the fragmentations.
d. Providing avenues of retreat. The rioters must have
ample avenues for escape from the advancing cloud. The
direction in which the crowd will move must, therefore, be
e. Denying areas to rioters. The situation may indicate
the desirability of preventing rioters from reaching a certain
area. In such cases a blanketing cloud thrown about the area
will serve to deter approach. The grenade M25 is excep-
tionally well suited to this purpose because the gas is rela.
tively persistent under normal conditions.
f. Splitting a mob. A narrow cloud thrown across the
center of a crowd will tend to split it to right and left. This
procedure is advisable when there is no path of retreat to the
rear, or when chemical ammunition is limited.
g. Attacking a building. When rioters are barricaded
within a building, the building itself may be blanketed with
a cloud, providing windows have previously been shattered
so as to permit gas to enter. Grenades may be thrown directly
into the building, or smoke may be use to cover the approach
of troops. Care should be taken in using the burning type
grenade where combustibles are present, as the intense heat
created by the grenade may start a fire.
73. HAND GRENADES. a. Chemical hand grenades
of the combustion type should not be thrown into a mob,
for they might be thrown back. This relinquishes a primary
tactical advantage afforded by chemicals-that of effective-
ness from a distance-and invites the mob to assume the
b. The grenade, hand, riot (CN) M25 (bursting type),
can be thrown over or in front of the mob. The average dis-
tance that it may be thrown before fragmentation is from
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/79/: accessed March 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.