Domestic disturbances Page: 63
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USE OF CHEMICAL AGENTS
Section I. CHEMICAL AGENTS AND
66. GENERAL PROPERTIES OF CHEMICAL
AGENTS. a. The tactical employment of chemical agents
is dependent upon their physical and chemical properties.
Gas used for riot control should be effective in law concen-
tration, difficult to neutralize or destroy, stable in storage,
stable against shocks, sufficiently heavy to remain effective
on the ground, compressible into noncorrosive containers for
transportation, economical, and readily procurable.
b. Chemical agents used in civil disturbances are (tables I
Grenade, hand, smoke, HC, M8
Grenade, hand, tear, CN, M7
Grenade, hand, riot, CN, M25
Grenade, hand, irritant, CN-DM, M6
Candle, irritant, DM, MI
Pot, Smoke, HC
67. ADVANTAGES OF CHEMICAL AGENTS. a.
Irritant gases. Irritant gases are not sufficiently toxic in field
concentrations to cause death or seriously endanger health.
The use of chemical agents for riot control is the most effec-
tive means of achieving the greatest temporary incapacitation
with the least permanent injury, and may, therefore, relieve
the commander from the necessity of killing or wounding
rioters or bystanders by gunfire. Since gas diffuses in the air,
it is effective over a greater area than an explosive or bullet.
Chemical agents, unlike gunfire, spread through the atmos-
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/69/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.