Domestic disturbances Page: 38
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platoon and squad columns and wedges, are termed riot
control formations and are designed or adapted for use in
breaking and dispersing crowds, and unarmed mobs. These
formations are simple and flexible for modification to meet
situations in which their use may be effective. If used, they
must be executed smoothly and smartly to gain the greatest
possible psychological effect. These formations are generally
assumed from the column, but are permissible from any
b. These formations are designed for use in civil disturb-
ances, and are readily adaptable by troops familiar with for-
mations prescribed in FM 22-5.
c. Before assuming riot control formations, bayonets will
be fixed. The movement will be executed at HIGH PORT
until the command ON GUARD is given. Men not armed
with the bayonet should not be placed in the line. (See figs.
I to 8, incl.)
d. The fundamental formations used in dispersing crowds
and unarmed mobs are the wedge, the diagonal (to right
or left), and the line. (See fig. I.) Other effective formations
may be obtained by doubling, extending, or combining the
basic formations. The normal interval and distance between
men in formation will be one pace (fig. I), but may be
changed as required by the individual situation.
e. The hand signals as prescribed in chapter II, FM 22-5,
may be used where applicable.
47. EMPLOYMENT OF FORMATIONS. These for-
mations may be adapted to any sized squad. Normally, the
squad leader and men armed with the automatic weapons
form in rear of the squad. If, however, the squad is small,
such as the cavalry squad, it may be impractical to place
more than one man in rear of the squad.
a. Wedge. The wedge is the normal offensive formation
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/44/: accessed January 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.