Domestic disturbances Page: 37
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g. The employment of infantry supporting weapons is nec-
essary only when mob action becomes armed conflict that
cannot be controlled by normal means. When necessary,
machine guns units are assigned as supporting units. If com-
mitted, they are protected by rifle units. Mortar units and
37-mm gun units are held in reserve until need for their use
h. A mobile reserve should be provided.
45. INITIAL ACTION. a. In deciding upon initial ac-
tion, the commander of troops will be guided by the conclu-
sions reached in his estimate of the situation. (See par. 31.)
Frequently, it will be necessary for the commander to alter
his plans quickly to meet changed or changing conditions.
b. Basic principles of crowd and mob control include:
(I) Rapid dispersion.
(2) Prevention of assemblage.
(3) Arrest of leaders.
c. In dispersing a disorderly crowd, such of the following
steps are applied as may be deemed appropriate:
( ) Show of force.
(2) Use of chemical agents.
(3) Use of riot control formations.
(4) Fire by selected marksmen.
(5) Full use of all fire power.
Each situation must be considered individually. A dis-
orderly assemblage should be dealt with as a crowd until it
actually resists the troops.
46. FORMATION. a. Certain modification of combat
formations have been made for the purpose of providing
more accurate control by platoon and squad leaders of troops
used for dispersing crowds and unarmed mobs. These modi-
fications of combat formations, such as the skirmish line,
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/43/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.