Domestic disturbances Page: 36
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include the direction and velocity of the wind, and the effect
of temporary invisibility which may operate to equal advan-
tage to the mob leaders. A mob should not be harangued,
bullied, or bluffed, and above all, it should not be threatened
c. A mob usually is attacked on the flank, opposite the
direction in which it is desired to drive it. When it is apparent
that those in front cannot retreat because of pressure from the
rear, pressure on the front should be eased temporarily while
the rest of the mob is attacked with chemical grenades. An
effective means of dispersal may be found in the use of fire
hose, if sufficient hose and pressure outlets are available, but
care must be exercised to protect the hose lines from damage
d. When small-arms fire is necessary, troops are instructed
to aim low to prevent shots going over the heads of the mob
and injuring innocent persons not members of the mob. The
amount of small-arms fire should be no greater than is abso-
lutely necessary. If sniper fire from the rear of the mob is
encountered, a few marksmen should be so placed as to
return the fire. A few good marksmen should also be detailed
to fire on windows or roofs from which firing comes or from
which missiles are thrown. Care must always be exercised to
avoid indiscriminate firing into a group of innocent persons
from which some rioter has fired.
e. Blank cartridges are not used against mobs, nor are
volleys fired over the head of rioters even if there is little
danger of injuring persons in the rear. Such firing will be
regarded as admissions of weakness, or as attempts to bluff.
They do much more harm than good.
f. Bayonets are effective when used against rioters who
are able to retreat, but they should not be used against men
who are prevented by those behind from retreating even if
they wish to do so.
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/42/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.