Domestic disturbances Page: 31
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Section I. CROWD AND MOB TACTICS
43. CROWD TACTICS. a. As a rule, weapons fire
should be used against a crowd only as a last resort.
b. For psychological effect, it should be evident to the
crowd that there is a commander, that he has a plan, that
he has the courage to act vigorously, and that he has avail-
able, and intends to use, whatever force is necessary. Nor-
mally, the first step in dispersing a crowd is the display of
military strength. At this time, the military commander or,
in his absence, the commanding officer of troops at the scene,
will call upon members of the assemblage, in the name of
the President of the United States, to disperse and go to
their homes immediately. He should use a public address
system if available. A proclamation will be issued by the mili-
tary commander to advise the people residing within the
community of the rules and orders they are to obey, and the
reason for such rules. This proclamation by the military com-
mander is not to be confused with the Presidential Procla-
The forms set forth in the following subparagraphs for
the possible use of the military commander are to be con-
sidered as models only. Wherever time permits, the military
commander will obtain clearance from higher authority on
the exact language of the proclamation to be issued. Where
this is not practicable, extreme care must be used that the
whereas clauses of the proclamation accurately report prior
Presidential action as to the reason for and the purpose of
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/37/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.