Domestic disturbances Page: 20
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tion gained by reconnaissance of strategic or troubled areas,
will provide the basis for an estimate of the situation.
31. ESTIMATE OF SITUATION. a. Purpose. Every
use of Federal troops in civil disturbances has a definite
objective, such as the protection of life and property, and
the restoration of law and order. To accomplish the mission
with dispatch, and with minimum effort, a definite course
of action must be adopted by the troop commander. This
course should be the result of a sound decision, a requisite
of which is a timely and thorough estimate of the situation.
The purpose of the estimate is to insure due consideration
being given each factor in the situation.
b. Elements. The following discussion takes up in order
the paragraphs of the form for a commander's estimate of
the situation. (For a detailed discussion of making an esti-
mate of the situation, see app. I, FM 101-5. For estimate of
the situation and related forms, see ch. 2, FM IoI-5.)
(i) Paragraph I (Mission). In estimating the situation,
the commander carefully considers his mission as set forth
in the orders or instructions received from higher authority,
coupled with such information suggested in paragraph 30
as he may have at his disposal. The mission is the actuating
factor of the estimate, and the commander's decisions are
the basis for preparing tactical plans. If there is more than
one mission, the different objectives should be considered
in order of priority.
(2) Paragraph 2 (The Situation and Opposing Lines of
Action). This paragraph is for the purpose of analyzing
physical capabilities of the unlawful elements and all reason-
able and practical lines of action open to the commander
which, if successful, will contribute to the accomplishment
of his mission. After weighing all factors in the situation,
opposition capabilities which it is considered may interfere
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/26/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.