Domestic disturbances Page: 10
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Section VI. MARTIAL LAW
12. GENERAL. a. Martial Law, often and more accu-
rately termed "martial rule" or "government by martial
law," in its true sense means the temporary government of
the civil population through the military forces as necessity
may require in domestic territory, as distinguished from
occupied territory of an enemy recognized as a belligerent.
However, the term has generally been used only in those
cases where martial law has been proclaimed.
b. The term "military aid to civil authorities" is com-
monly used to imply the use of troops to aid civil authorities
in restoring orderly administration where martial law has
not been proclaimed.
c. It has been customary to distinguish the status of mar-
tial rule from that of military aid to civil authorities, by the
degree of military control exercised. However, the powers,
duties, and liabilities of troops in a specific mission are gen-
erally no different, the limit of power being the necessity of
the moment. Whatever the term applied to the status, the
fundamental mission of troops employed in domestic dis-
turbances is to restore order and permit the normal function-
ing of the civil authorities and institutions, and the martial
rule replaces local government only to the extent necessary
in the emergency.
13. PROCLAMATION. A proclamation of martial law
is a declaration that a condition of martial rule exists and is
recognized. The proclamation does not create the condition,
but rather announces an already existing condition. A proc-
lamation is not necessary for the exercise of martial rule, but
is the usual means of informing all concerned of the exist-
ence of a state of martial rule, of the boundaries of the area
affected, and of the special regulations and restrictions that
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/16/: accessed February 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.