Domestic disturbances Page: 9
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10. END OF INTERVENTION. The use of troops
should end the moment that the necessity therefor ceases
and the normal civil processes can be restored. Determina-
tion oi the end of the necessity will be made by the War
Department. The military commander will submit his rec-
ommendations whenever conditions warrant.
11. TROOPS. The type of troops to be used in handling
of a domestic disturbance depends to a great extent on the
nature of the action expected. Military police and infantry
will ordinarily constitute the major part of a command
employed in suppressing a domestic disturbance, but there
may be need for armored units to crush street barricades
and for psychological effect on crowds or mobs. Because of
the morale effect of an armed man on horseback and the
mobility of its horse and mechanized elements, cavalry con-
stitutes a valuable and effective adjunct to any command or
riot duty. The great value of horse cavalry in riot duty lies
in its ability to disperse rioters by the use of horses, as weap-
ons of shock, without the necessity of taking lives by the
use of firearms. Field artillery should be included if serious
military operations are expected. Airplanes may be used for
purposes of reconnaissance, traffic control, dropping procla-
mations, orders or messages, and in photographing the area
in which operations are planned. During the. attack, air-
planes may be used to keep rioters off roofs by means of
automatic weapon fire and by dropping tear gas, high ex-
plosive, or antipersonnel bombs. Aircraft may also be used in
directing troop movements. Engineer troops may be used to
advantage in planning and placing barriers and in the re-
moval of obstacles, signal corps personnel in the construc-
tion and maintenance of communications systems, and
chemical warfare personnel to release smoke and gas in
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/15/: accessed March 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.