Domestic disturbances Page: 4
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vention is warranted where the need for protection of
Federal property exists and the local authorities cannot or
will not give adequate protection.
(2) Private property. By Executive Order 8972, 12 De-
cember 1941, the President authorized and directed the
Secretary of War to establish and maintain military guards
and patrols, and to take other appropriate measures to pro-
tect from injury or destruction, national defense material,
national defense premises, and national defense utilities.
(See sec. III, WDI Cir. No. 24, 1945 and sec. II, WD Bull.
e. Emergency. In case of sudden and unexpected inva-
sion, insurrection, or riot endangering the public property
of the United States, or of attempted or threatened robbery
or interruption of the United States mail, or of earthquake,
fire, or flood, or other public calamity disrupting the normal
processes of Government, or other equivalent emergency so
imminent as to render it dangerous to await instructions
from the War Department requested through the speediest
means of communication available, an officer of the Army in
command of troops may take such action, before the receipt
of instructions, as the circumstances of the case reasonably
justify. Such action, without prior authorization, of necessity
may be prompt and vigorous, but should be designed for the
preservation of order and the protection of life and prop-
erty until such time as instructions from higher authority
have been received, rather than as an assumption of func-
tions normally performed by the civilian authorities. In any
event, the officer taking such action immediately will report
his action and the circumstances requiring it to the War
Department, through The Provost Marshal General, by the
speediest means of communication available, in order that
appropriate instructions can be issued at the earliest possible
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United States. War Department. Domestic disturbances, book, July 30, 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96652/m1/10/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.