Military police in towns and cities Page: 1
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1. PURPOSE. This manual is designed to furnish a
guide for officers and enlisted men assigned the mission of
patrolling civil communities, and is limited to those prin-
ciples and techniques which they must know and apply.
Military police much discharge their duties in a friendly,
helpful manner, impartially and justly. Too rigid police
supervision is detrimental to morale, and tends to cause
friction between the military police and troops. The War
Department is not concerned with the manner in which a
soldier utilizes his free time while on pass or furlough and
does not seek to exercise control over him, provided that
his actions are not such as to reflect discredit on the military
service, and are not detrimental to his health and welfare.
2. AUTHORITY. a. The authority of military police is
derived from the authority of the commanding officer,
whose authority, by chain of command, is derived from the
constitutional powers of the commander-in-chief of the land
and naval forces. Military police are the principal agency
through which command enforces compliance with military
law and maintains military discipline. Military police,
therefore, like civil police, represent the prestige and au-
thority of the law. They are entitled to the respect of all
members of the Armed Forces and such others as may be
subject to military law. To resist a military policeman who
is engaged in enforcing the orders of competent authority
constitutes a serious military offense. The primary duties
of military police are to protect the health and welfare of
members of the Armed Forces, to prevent violations of
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United States. War Department. Military police in towns and cities, book, January 1945; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96651/m1/7/: accessed July 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.