Watermanship Page: 89
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men in lifeboat, time likely to be adrift, chances of re-
plenishing supply, and the extra water needed for the
sick and wounded.
(2) The average ration is 18 ounces-3 cups. A gallon
contains 128 ounces. To compute the number of days
the water will last, divide the total ounces of water by
18 and divide this by number of men in the boat. For
Amount (quarts) of water (par. 22m equals 15
times passenger capacity of boat (marked on
sides); 15 passengers for example; 14 passengers
15 X 15 = 225 quarts
225 - 4 = 56 gallons
56 gallons X 128 ounces = 7,168 ounces
7,168 ounces - 18 ounces (ration) = 398 rations
398 rations - 14 men = 28 days
(3) Control of issue starts immediately and continues
until survivors are rescued.
49. FOOD. a. General. A responsible person must be
put in charge of all food supplies. He must divide all
food fairly and schedule the meals. A complete inven-
tory of provisions must be taken before any food is dis-
tributed. On dry days the food should be checked to see
what is on hand and if anything has spoiled. Special
food should be kept to bolster morale in gloomy periods.
In one lifeboat from the Robin Moor, biscuit crumbs,
moistened with cold water, seasoned with sea water and
mixed with canned tomatoes provided a feast which
raised morale considerably.
b. Sources. (1) Boat's supply. This is the principal
source of food supply. Refer to paragraph 22ae for the
provisions allotted to lifeboats and rafts.
(2) Fishing. Fish can be caught with the equipment
in the fishing kit or with improvised gear. (See par.
(3) Birds. All birds are good to eat, looked or raw.
Their blood and livers are also edible. Catch every
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/95/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.