Watermanship Page: 84
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(1) Beaching on flat shore. Whether a lifeboat is
brought bow end in first or backed in (stern first), she is
kept at right angles to the sea until almost aground.
Each surf takes her closer to shore. In this situation
the boat must be rowed or backed in, using oars. The
crew will jump out grab the sides and drag her in.
Take in sail before attempting passage.
(2) Beaching on steep beach. A boat of any size can
be sailed right onto the beach whether under oars or sail.
When landing turn the boat's bow halfway around to-
ward the direction of the surf which will cause the boat
to be thrown over on its side. Everyone should get out
before boat is rolled in the wash on the beach. The
strongest crew members should jump out first and hold
the boat to prevent her from washing back into the surf.
When landing this way never back a boat in stern first.
g. Beaching power lifeboat in a heavy surf. (1) A
lifeboat should enter the surf at a moderate speed with
the rudder unshipped, a steering oar lashed in place,
and an oar out on each quarter to assist in steering. If
the surf is dangerous and breaking close to the beach it
is safest to stop the engine and land under oars.
(2) Approach to shore should be deliberate and all
effort directed toward keeping the stern aimed directly
at overtaking seas. To obtain this slow approach and
certainty of aim, throw astern a sea anchor, drogue, or
makeshift drag weighted down by the boat's anchor to
give firmest hold on the water. This will check boat's
headway and hold her stern directly into the crest of
overtaking seas and is the foremost protection against a
sea breaking into and overturning her. In addition to
the use of sea anchor, check forward motion by reduc-
ing or reversing the engine or back water with the oars.
If circumstances warrant, have a man ready to cut the
tripping line and the sea-anchor rope. Keep a strain on
the rope because slack rope may foul the propeller.
(3) Reversing the engine in a surf is dangerous and
should be done only to check the forward notion of the
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/90/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.