Watermanship Page: 3
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4. GENERAL. Military swimming means swimming in
full clothing and equipment to reach your objective in
fit condition for action. If shipwrecked far from shore
the soldier does not try to swim to shore but tries to
keep afloat until he is rescued. Consequently, military
swimming includes the basic water skills which conserve
energy and which best insure buoyancy for long periods.
The soldier must know how to jump from a sinking ship
and how to swim under water to escape observation, or
strafing, or to avoid surface oil or flame. Basic military
swimming therefore includes the following items:
a. Submerging and floating.
b. Dog paddle and breast stroke.
c. Treading water.
d. Side stroke.
e. Elementary back stroke.
g. Underwater swimming.
For swimming instruction see chapter 5, FM 21-20. Dur-
ing practice if the man finds he can do the scissors kick
more naturally and effectively than the frog kick, or vice
versa, no attempt should be made" to change his style.
5. SUBMERGING AND FLOATING. a. Submerging.
Initially, the man must be taught to submerge in shallow
water and keep his eyes open. He must learn by expe-
rience that it is difficultt to stay under water because
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/9/: accessed October 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.