Watermanship Page: 70
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The carbon-dioxide life belt may be retained if it has not
(2) To prevent trapping air under your clothing,
fasten all buttons on shirt and trousers, and tuck trouser
legs into the socks.
(3) If necessary to jump into oil or flame, jump to
windward and swim to windward. The wind will tend
to blow the oil or flame away from you, instead of driv-
ing them with you.
(4) Close your eyes and mouth before entering the
38. SWIMMING AWAY FROM THE SHIP. a. Once in
the water, immediately move away from the ship, using
the elementary back stroke to protect against injury from
explosions from the ship, torpedoes, or bombs. (See
par. 64b.) If there are no lifeboats or rafts to swim to,
move at least 50 yards from the ship to escape the suc-
tion of the sinking ship. When you are beyond this
danger zone, remember that buoyancy is the main thing;
the distance you swim is relatively unimportant unless
land is in sight. Use any debris or wreckage as support.
Lash yourself to it if possible. Retain clothing and shoes
as protection from the weather, salt, and oil.
b. It may be necessary to undress in the water either
to remove the weight of clothing and equipment or to
inflate the clothing as support. To undress, take a deep
breath, assume the jellyfish float with the arms hanging
relaxed, and proceed in a natural manner to remove
equipment or clothing. When a fresh breath is needed
a stroke or two, as in a modified breast stroke, will bring
your mouth above the surface. Make all movements
slow and deliberate. Do not discard any clothing un-
less forced to, as it may be useful later. Shoes can be
tied together and hung around your neck. (See fig. 41.)
39. SWIMMING THROUGH UNIGNITED OIL. After
entering the water, open your eyes and swim away
from the ship. While under water, look for thin spots
or breaks in the oil, indicated by lighter areas. If your
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/76/: accessed February 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.