Watermanship Page: 58
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releasing device, usually a pelican hook. Pulling on a
line attached to pelican hook trips it and releases the
stops holding the raft.
(2) Before releasing raft be sure sea painter is fas.
tened to it and the ship. The sea painter in this instance
prevents raft from floating away before survivors can
b. Floats. Floats may be suspended along the ship's
sides or inboard on deck. In either Ease suspension is
by toggle pin and lanyard. (See fig. 33.) Before releas-
ing overboard be sure each has a sea painter.
32. LEAVING THE SHIP. a. When the lifeboat is being
lowered into the water all occupants who are not aiding
the crew should remain low in the boat and out of the
way. All men must be quiet and take orders only from
the man in charge. The lower ends of all ladders, nets,
or ropes down the ship's side should be pulled out and
away from the ship to aid men descending into the boat.
The lifeboat must be kept away from the ship's side to
prevent its being crushed or capsized. The lifeboat
should be moved rapidly at least 50 yards from the ship
to escape the suction of the sinking ship. Once out of
the danger area, the sea anchor should be dropped and
all men should remain low in the boat until the con-
fusion is over. The mast and sails are rigged only when
the men have quieted down, because in their excitement
they may fall overboard. Without endangering the
entire boatload as many survivors as possible should be
picked up from the water. Men may hang on to the
life line around the lifeboat. If there is room, men on
rafts should shift over into the lifeboat. All boats and
rafts should stay together to increase the chances of
rescue and bolster morale.
b. Before the signal to abandon ship is sounded, all
persons are given the following information: the ship's
approximate location, the direction and distance to the
nearest land, and the result of SOS signals. If a rescue
ship has answered the SOS, lifeboats remain ,near the
spot where the ship sank. Otherwise, the location of the
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/64/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.