Watermanship Page: 54
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ship station from the various sections of the ship you
are permitted to enter. If the usual route is blocked
you must be able to get to it somehow even in the dark.
b. Do not get into the lifeboat or attempt to lower it.
Wait for orders. Normally, several members of the crew
are assigned to take charge of each lifeboat. If one or
more of the crew assigned to your lifeboat is a casualty,
be prepared to assist in lowering the boat (par. 30c);
otherwise, keep out of the crew's way. If your lifeboat
or raft is damaged do not get into another without per-
mission of the man in charge of your lifeboat. When
ordered over the side, use the nets, ladders, and ropes
hanging over the side at abandon-ship stations to board
lifeboats or rafts which have been lowered. Do not
risk injuring occupants by throwing anything down into
a lifeboat. Before abandoning ship, listen for announce-
ment of her approximate position, which will normally
be given. This information enables you to set a course
for the nearest land.
29. ON YOUR OWN. Even in extreme emergency, all
persons aboard a ship act according to orders until the
order "every man for himself" is given. This order
means to get into the water immediately and at least
50 yards away from the ship. Jump only as a last resort.
Use ladders, nets, or ropes when you can. (See par. 35.)
30. ABANDON-SHIP PROCEDURE; IN LIFEBOATS.
a. GeneraL A lifeboat commander and crew are as-
signed to every lifeboat. This group takes charge of the
passengers and has the duty of getting the lifeboat into
the sea. In the absence of such a crew or when only one
or two ship's members have been assigned to the lifeboat,
anyone may be called upon to assist in lowering and
launching the lifeboat. The following paragraphs ex-
plain the basic elements of such procedure.
b. Suspension of lifeboats. (1) Lifeboats are sus-
pended on "davits"-two metal members that extend
out over the ship's side. The lifeboat is fastenried to the
davits by two pairs of blocks, one pair at' the bow and
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/60/: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.