Watermanship Page: 44
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pass, signaling mirrors, drinking cups, first-aid kit, lan-
tern, extra batteries and wicks, and fishing kit.
x. Manila line. About 180 feet of 1-inch rope for gen-
y. Mast and sails. A mast with at least one main-
sail and jib, with necessary gear, protected by a canvas
z. Matches. Three boxes of friction matches in a
aa. Oars. A total of seven to nine oars including one
ab. Painters. Manila rope secured to bow to make
the boat fast. Used, when lowering lifeboat, to keel)
boat attached to ship.
ac. Plugs. Two plugs, attached to boat with chains,
used to fit into drain hole in the bottom of the boat.
The drain hole is kept plugged except when draining.
However, check bottom of lifeboat to see the plug is in.
ad. Propellers. Hand-operated propellers to maneu-
ver the lifeboat away from the sinking ship.
ae. Provisions. Each boat carries the following pro-
visions for each person the boat is certified to carry:
23 ounces of biscuits (C ration).
14 ounces of pemmican.
14 ounces of milk tablets.
NOTE. 14 ounces of chocolate tablets may be substituted for 14
ounces of biscuits.
af. Oarlocks. A sufficient number of oarlocks are
furnished, attached to boat by separate chains. These
are inserted into place on top of boat sides and oars
are then placed inside them.
ag. Rudder and tiller. A rudder and tiller to be fitted
ah. Sea anchor. A conical-shaped anchor of canvas
into which a conical container of storm oil may be
fastened, see ai below. WThen riding out a storm the
sea-anchor line runs over the bow to keep the boat
headed into the wind and thus prevent capsizing. A
boat anchor, a bucket on a line, three oars lashed into
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/50/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.