Watermanship Page: 40
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to the boat ;to-prevent loss during rough weather or in
capsizing. It is kept to a minimum, to interfere as
little as possible with the men in the boat. Passenger
capacity is marked on each side of the boat.
a. Bailer. Metal or wooden scoop with lanyard at-
tached, for bailing water.
b. Bilge pump. Pump made of materials riot readily
deteriorated by salt water, permanently fastened well
down in center line of the boat. It has a removable
strainer. Pump requires priming when dry. This is
done by removing cap or plug from the T-fitting on
discharge side of pump, pouring about a quart of water
into the chamber, and replacing cap or plug.
c. Blankets. Each boat has at least six woolen blan-
kets in waterproof containers, for use of sick and injured.
d. Boathooks. Two white ash boathooks, 8 feet long
and 1 V inches in diameter, for fending and retrieving
objects fallen overboard.
e. Bucket. One 2-gallon galvanized iron bucket with
f. Canvas hood and side spray curtain.This provides
shelter from wind, sea, and sun. The curtain may be
held in place by rods installed in rowlock sockets and
is transferred from side to side according to direction
g. Chart, pilot. This tells the natural ocean currents
and prevailing winds. When abandoning ship all per-
sons are told approximate position of vessel so they can
use chart effectively.
h. Compass. One liquid compass. If the liquid has
evaporated, fresh water may be added, although it will
corrode metal parts. The compass should be held as
high as possible with its lubber's line directly over and
parallel to the center line of the boat. This height
lessens effect of metal equipment. On vessels equipped
with degaussing or demagnetizing equipment as protec-
tion against magnetic mines, the compass may become
demagnetized, but it will return to normal after! a short
time. Therefore, check it with sun or stars before relying
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/46/: accessed January 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.