Watermanship Page: 20
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(c) When floating or swimming.
(d) When aboard lifeboat, float, graft.
(2) Balsa and cork jackets are worn-
(a) At all times when vessel is outside inland waters.
(b) When floating or swimming.
(c) When aboard lifeboat, float, or raft.
(d) When jumping from vessels of not more than 10-
foot freeboard. Hug jacket tightly until under surface.
(3) Life jackets are not worn-
(a) When jumping from great heights. Tie jacket to
your person in such cases; it will follow you into water.
(b) When jumping into flame or oil-covered surface.
(See par. 37.)
(c) When swimming through flame or oil, or under
water. (See par. 41.)
c. Putting on life jacket. Bend over and pass one arm
through the jacket (fig. 13 ); straighten up, throw the
jacket over the shoulders, and insert other arm. A double
bowknot (tie a loose, ordinary bowknot; before clos-
ing it pass one bow through opening in knot a second
"time) is used to tie the straps. Any other knot, espe-
cially when wet, is difficult to untie in an emergency.
The lower inside straps are tied first (fig. 13 ), then
lower outside and upper outside straps. Life jacket
must be tied properly, securely, and snugly (fig. 13 );
otherwise it may become necessary to use the hands to
hold jacket on while floating.
16. LIFE-PRESERVER LIGHT AND WHISTLE (fig. 13
). The waterproof life-preserver light, battery-oper-
ated, attracts attention to the floating survivor. It is
turned on by screwing on the red cap as far as it will
turn. The light has a cord and large safety pin by
which it is pinned to the jacket. It also has a clip on its
side by which it is attached high on the jacket to gain
maximum visibility and to keep it out of water. The
life-preserver light is red to distinguish' floating per-
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/26/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.