Watermanship Page: 14
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low diving. Surface diving is helpful when retrieving
articles which have sunk in water no deeper than 10 feet.
It is executed by ducking the head, rolling forward and
downward, pulling backward with the arms and hands,
and kicking with the legs. When using it to go under
surface oil or flames, legs should be bent and the knees
kept close to the chest. If the legs are extended before
being completely submerged, they may be burned or
covered with oil. The shallow dive can be executed
from a running start. It consists of diving forward when
slightly above the surface of the water, and arching the
body by raising the head and chest and flinging the
arms upward so that when the body hits the water it
skims along the surface instead of going under. (See
fig. 10.) The shallow dive is useful in shallow water or
water of unknown depth or when it is necessary to cross
a body of water quickly, as when escaping from an
enemy shore. From the shallow dive it is easy to go
into any strong swimming stroke.
b. Learn the life-saving methods described in chapter
5, FM 21-20, and the various breaks, supports, and
carries. Artificial respiration is covered in paragraph 62.
Figure 10. Use shallow dive in shallow water of unfamiliar deep
water. Shove off strongly with feet; arch body by raising head and
chest and throw arms upward, body skins over surface when it hits
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/20/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.