Watermanship Page: 11
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water. Treading water is extremely useful when stop-
ping to observe.
8. SIDE STROKE (fig. 6). The side stroke may be per-
formed on either side and hence is especially useful if
either arm is disabled. This stroke can be used to
carry equipment above water or to tow an object or
another man. If an item of equipment is too heavy for
one man to carry, two men, using the side stroke, can
carry the object with their free arms (fig. 7).
Figure 7. Use one-arm side stroke to carry machine gun. This
method can be used by strong swimmers for short distances.
9. ELEMENTARY BACK STROKE. The elementary back
stroke is a relaxed stroke derived from the back float.
The legs do the inverted frog kick or scissors kick.
Arms are raised shoulder high, elbows straight, and
then carried to the side, pushing the water towards the
feet. 'When the arms are disabled or when it is neces-
sary to carry equipment above water (fig. 8), arm mo-
tions can be omitted.
10. JUMPING. For military swimming, jumping into
the water is better and safer than diving. It is safer
than to chance hurting the head and face by diving into
water of unknown depth or into debris. While jump-
ing, it is easier to observe the surface, for instance, to
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United States. War Department. Watermanship, book, April 25, 1944; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96650/m1/17/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.