Handling and Loading Southern New Potatoes Page: II
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M UCH of the loss in southern new potatoes in transit
and in the markets is caused by field cuts and bruises
and by the practice of allowing the potatoes to remain
exposed to the sun after digging.
Careful grading will increase the grower's profits and
will make a surer and more constant market for his product.
Cars should be loaded according to a definite plan.
Loaders should obtain the maximum amount of ventilation
throughout the load and avoid methods that allow shifting
and breakage in transit.
The double-headed barrel is the most satisfactory package
for new potatoes. The heads should be secured by "head-
liners." The barrels should conform to the specifications
of the United States standard barrel. Barrels which are
loaded on end carry better than those loaded on their sides.
Cloth-topped barrels do not protect their contents as
effectively as those having double heads.
Sacks do not sufficiently protect new potatoes from cuts
and bruising. If they are used, those holding from 90 to
120 pounds are the most desirable from the standpoint of
careful handling and ventilation of the contents.
Hampers should not be used for the shipment of potatoes.
If crates are used they should be so made as to protect
the potatoes from too rapid evaporation and consequent
Packages should be marked with the weight or dry
measure of their contents.
If stock cars are used, it is generally advisable to protect
the potatoes from the sun and weather by lining certain of
the open parts with strong building paper.
Washington, D. C. IssuedMay 1, 1919
Revised January, 1927
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Grimes, A. M. Handling and Loading Southern New Potatoes, pamphlet, 1927; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96649/m1/2/: accessed November 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.