Newsmap. Monday, August 9, 1943 : week of July 29 to August 5, 204th week of the war, 86th week of U.S. participation Side: 1 of 2
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THE WAR FRONTS
offensive ever undertaken. Other targets were the FockeWulfe
factories at Kassel and Warnemeunde and the submarine
facilities at Kiel.
C NA: Air action in Southeast Asia
reached new heights last
week. British and American fighters and bombers
struck river craft and industrial targets in Burma. U. S.
Liberators raided the Andaman Islands, 300 miles southwest
of Rangoon,hitting shipping at Chatham Island and
south of Port Blair in addition to wrecking buildings.
In China Allied bombers hit the enemy base at Hankow
and facilities at Hong Kong. Japanese planes in retaliation
raided the American air base at Hengyang in the fourth
enemy attack in a week on U. S. airfields in Central China.
Evidence of the growing operations was a weekly report
issued by Maj. Gen. Chennault in which he listed 61 enemy
planes destroyed in the air, 47 probably destroyed and seven
damaged. In addition seven others were destroyed on the
ground and five more probably destroyed.
American losses were five planes from which four pilots
bailed out to safety.
During July the fourteenth air force destroyed seven
enemy ships totalling 34,000 tons and badly damaged four
others. This was done with only 74 tons of bombs.
ITALY: Lack of motion on the part of the new
to _jl ~ .*>m
Italian government in the direction of an
honorable peace offered last week by Gen. Eisenhower
-~ ~*I . was forcing renewal of the Allied offensive directed against
the Italian mainland.
^-* * '
Gen. Eisenhower pointed out that the only remaining
obstacle to peace for Italy was the "German aggressor"
still on Italian soil. Hundreds of thousands of Italians cap^^^^
tured in Tunisia and Sicily would be returned to Italy providing
British and Allied prisoners now in Italian hands
" were returned safely and not taken to Germany.
Lack of Italian official action to this offer led to the Allied
announcement that the breathing spell of eight days since
the Badoglio government had taken over was ended. Italians
were warned to keep away from military targets and this
warning was punctuated by the crash of block-busters on
^^^-.rf* NaNaples as waves of Flying Fortresses battered Italy's second
port. They blew up the main gas works, hit two transports
in the harbor and blasted the Campo di Chino airfield.
^*^^^yF~-" yIn Northern Italy, meanwhile, a German army estimated
at 18 divisions was reported establishing positions north of
isB the Po River.
In the Aleutians as in many other parts of the world the
Army Engineers are doing some of the biggest jobs of the
war. Somewhere in the North Pacific along the approaches
to Japan, they built this temporary marineway, an Arny
drydock where landing and cargo barges battered by the
Alaskan seas can be rolled up for overhaul and repairs.
SI CIY: Driving hard for the final blow against
Northeastern Sicily, Allied troops cracked
the Mt. Etna defense line at two points and threatened
to isolate the German troops holding off the British Eighth
Army south of Catania in the plain below Mt. Etna.
The American Seventh Army was advancing along both
sides of the mountain range on Sicily's north coast and was
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MONDAY 'U, 2T AUG9,1943
WEEK OF JULY 29 TO AUGUST 5
204th Week of the War
86th Week of U. S. Participation
Volume II No. 16
A) RUj | . Berlin reported that heavy attacks had
Ra USSIA* brought the Red Army within the outskirts
of the city of Orel as the enemy appeared to be
withdrawing from that critically-held salient. Reports last
week that the rail line between Orel and Bryansk had been
cut appeared to have been premature. Heavy fighting was
still reported in the region north of the rail.
GERMANY The main German port" at Hamburg
was practically knocked off
the map as Allied bombers carried out nine raids within
ten days hitting the industrial, submarine and communications
center with the heaviest aerial bomb loads ever concentrated.
Twice the city was hit with raids of 2300 tons, and in
anticipation of similar raids on nearby Berlin as the nights
grew longer,the capital was reported being evacuated.
British, American and Canadian bomber pilots shuttled
back and forth over targets in Nazi-held areas in such numbers
that the past two weeks saw the heaviest bombing
less than sixty miles from Messina. Farther southeast Canadian
troops pushed forward toward Adrano with British
troops still farther south also driving in that direction.
While the drive from the southwest threatened to cut the
road running northwest around Mt. Etna from Catania,
Allied surface units had the coasta! road, around the east
side of the mountain under constant fire.
RUIMANIle More than 175 U. S. Liberator
bombers fought through one of the
most heavily fortified areas in the world to wreck the
major part of Rumania's oil-refining capacity at Ploesti, just
north of the capitol at Bucharest. Flying a roundabout
route to make the enemy believe they were headed for Italy
the bombers made a record 2400-mile round trip and employed
new low-level bombing technique for which crews
practiced for months on a full-scale dummy model of the
town erected in the Libyan desert by American engineers.
Twenty of the bombers were shot down in battles over
the target as they found the enemy waiting for them but
fifty-one enemy fighters were shot down as well.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: Aided by tanks
and flame throwers,American
troops pressed forward against stiffened
Japanese resistance in the yard-by-yard advance on Munda.
At points they are less than one thousand yards from the
On New Guinea, Allied medium artillery was shelling
the enemy position at Salamaua airdrome.
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Guide books are important items for Allied troops moving
into new territory. This photo was taken aboard a landing
craft. Destination of the Tommy is seen on the book cover.
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Members of a Royal Artillery Detachment stationed north of Syracuse, Sicily,
survey the damage done by Italians to one of their own mobile anti-aircraft
trains. Train was mounted with four heavy guns and listening apparatus.
Much has been made of the way Italian troops have surrendered. These are
Nazis, giving up to U. S. infantrymen near Carlentini. Last week American
troops near Mistretta took 10,000 prisoners. More than half were German.
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Following their tactics in Tunisia the Nazis tried to fly in reinforcements to
Sicily. This action photo shows a Junkers-290 transport being shot down by an
RAF "Marauder" after it was intercepted off the coast near Bastia, Corsica.
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[United States.] Army Orientation Course. Newsmap. Monday, August 9, 1943 : week of July 29 to August 5, 204th week of the war, 86th week of U.S. participation, poster, August 9, 1943; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc965/m1/1/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.