Assessing Rhode Islands Temporary Caregiver Insurance Act: Insights from a Survey of Employers' Page: 5 of 11
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We asked all the Rhode Island firms in our sample in 2015 (N=223 (102 present at both survey
waves, and 121 added at follow-up wave), of which 213 responded to this question) about their
views of the TCI program. A majority (61%) of these Rhode Island employers - surveyed in early
2015, one year after the law came into effect - said they were either strongly or somewhat in
favor of the TCI program (Figure 1). An additional 15% said they were neither in favor nor
opposed, leaving just under one-quarter (24%) who either somewhat or strongly opposed the
While the share favoring the law was greatest among the larger firms in our sample (76% in
firms with 50 to 99 employees), a majority supported the law even in the smaller firms (56% in
firms with 10 to 19 employees, and 59% in firms with 20 to 49 employees) (Figure 2).
Overall, we found few significant effects of Rhode Island's TCI program on employers. In
particular, we asked about productivity and a host of related metrics, but found no evidence that
the law had any significant effects. We note however that the relatively small size of our sample
limited our power to detect significant effects.
Asking RI employers directly about their views on the TCI program one year after it took effect,
we found that a majority (61%) favor TCI (with 15% neutral, and 24% opposed). Support was
more widespread among the larger firms (those with 50-99 employees), but even in the smaller
firms in our sample (those with 10-19 employees, or 20-49), a majority favored the program.
These results are broadly consistent with those from prior research by Ruth Milkman and Eileen
Appelbaum (2013) in California, the first state to implement paid family leave (see also Bartel et
al., 2014 for a review of research on California's law). Milkman and Appelbaum (2013) found
that California's paid family leave program had few significant effects on employers and our
results are consistent with those findings. Importantly, our results from Rhode Island arealso
suggestive of employer support for paid family leave laws. At a time when additional states are
considering such policies, this is surely good news.
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Bartel, Ann; Rossin-Slater, Maya; Ruhm, Christopher & Waldfogel, Jane. Assessing Rhode Islands Temporary Caregiver Insurance Act: Insights from a Survey of Employers', text, January 2016; (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc955714/m1/5/?rotate=90: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.