A Guide to Women's Equal Pay Rights Page: 3 of 4
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
What can you do if you think you're experiencing
If you think you might be experiencing pay discrimination
on the basis of your sex, you should:
1. Try to resolve the situation informally, such as
meeting with your supervisor to discuss your
concern. If your supervisor is the person that you
believe is responsible for the discrimination or if he or
she is unable to assist you, try contacting a human
resources staff person or whomever is designated
in your employee handbook to address workplace
issues. Review your employee handbook's policies on
discrimination to understand your company's preferred
approach to complaints of discrimination. If you are a
member of a union, consult your union representative.
You may also consider more formal steps to resolve
the situation, such as filing a discrimination charge.
2. Educate yourself about your rights:
> Visit the website of the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The EEOC
enforces the Equal Pay Act and Title VII of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964. You can learn about your
rights and find out how and when to file a charge
of discrimination with the EEOC. For federal sector
employment, you also can refer to your agency's
federal sector complaint procedures.
> Be aware of the timeframe for filing a charge
with the EEOC. The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay
Act of 2009 clarifies the time a complainant has
to file a charge of compensation discrimination
for purposes of Title VII. Under Title VII, a
complainant has up to 180 days (or 300 days,
depending on the state, county and city) after the
employer's most recent discriminatory action to file
a charge with the EEOC. The Ledbetter Act states
that there is a new discriminatory action each
time an employer writes a paycheck that reflects
> If you work for a federal contractor, visit the website
of the Department of Labor's Office of Federal
Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) to learn
more about your rights under Executive Order
> If you are concerned about employer policies that
prevent you from discussing pay, or if you have
experienced retaliation for talking about pay, visit
the website of the National Labor Relations Board
to learn more about your rights under the National
Labor Relations Act.
3. Ensure that you keep accurate records. If you
decide to file a charge or complaint with one of the
agencies mentioned above, you will need to be
able to relay the facts as clearly as possible. Keep
copies of any documents related to the employment
discrimination, such as your pay stubs, emails,
memoranda, letters, performance evaluations, and
> Think about whether there are any witnesses to the
discrimination you experienced.
> Keep notes if necessary to help you remember key
dates or conversations.
> Keep copies of all of these documents in a safe
4. Check with your state or local agency that
administers state or local anti-discrimination
laws. Some states, counties and cities have laws that
provide greater protections than those offered under
5. Obtain legal assistance, if necessary.
> This could be your union representative or an
attorney practicing employment or discrimination
law. If you need an attorney referral, or think you
cannot afford an attorney, you can contact your
state's Bar Association for assistance in locating
an attorney who practices employment and/or
discrimination law. Some bar associations can refer
you to free (pro bono) legal services, and some law
schools have programs through which law students
provide free or reduced cost legal services as part
of their training.
A Guide to Women's Equal Pay Rights 3
Here’s what’s next.
This text can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Text.
United States. Women's Bureau. A Guide to Women's Equal Pay Rights, text, April 2012; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc948943/m1/3/: accessed January 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.