A Guide to Women's Equal Pay Rights Page: 1 of 4
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A Guide to Women's
Equal Pay Rights
Women make up nearly half of the U.S.
labor force and are a growing number of
breadwinners in their families.
More women are also working in
positions and fields that have been
traditionally occupied by men.When
women are not paid fairly, not only do
they suffer, but so do their families.
While progress has been made,
the pay gap affects all women and
is larger among minority women
and women with disabilities. Over
the course of her lifetime, this pay
gap will cost a woman and her
family lost wages, reduced pensions
and diminished Social Security
Women are legally entitled to equal employment
opportunities, including the right to earn a
not paid fairly,
not only do
but so do their
This guide is designed to help working women
understand their rights under certain laws that
govern equal pay and compensation.
paycheck that is free from unlawful
bias, and, in many cases, the right to
discuss their pay with colleagues.
What are my equal pay and
compensation rights under
Men and women must be paid
equal wages if they perform
substantially the same work
under the Equal Pay Act. "Equal
pay" refers to more than just your
paycheck. Under this law, all
employers must provide employees
within the same establishment whose jobs
require substantially equal skill, effort and
responsibility, and are performed under similar
working conditions "equal pay," including: an
equal salary, overtime pay, bonuses, stock
options, profit sharing and bonus plans, life
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United States. Women's Bureau. A Guide to Women's Equal Pay Rights, text, April 2012; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc948943/m1/1/: accessed January 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.