Library of Congress Catalogs: Newspapers in Microform, Foreign Countries, 1948-1983 Page: IX
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editor of the National Register of Microform Masters for inclusion in that
publication if they are master negatives or to the National Union Catalog if
they are in positive copy. In a few cases that resist decision, the title is listed
both in the National Register and here.
The editors usually accept the title of the paper as it is reported to them.
Titles appearing in Cyrillic, oriental, and other nonroman scripts are transcribed
according to the Library of Congress method of transcription. When
an English-language transcription appears as part of the masthead title, that
transcription is used as given. If this differs from the form it would have in a
Library of Congress transcription, a reference is made from the Library of
In describing the language in which a newspaper is published, two general
rules have been observed. (1) In countries which have only one official vernacular,
no mention of language is made unless it differs from the official
vernacular. Thus a Hungarian-language paper published in Germany is noted
as "In Hungarian," but no reference is made to the language of German
papers published in Germany. (2) In countries which have more than one
official language, or where there is uncertainty about the language or languages
employed, this catalog specifies the language of a newspaper whenever
it is known. It is not entirely whimsical, for example, that the Calcutta Morning
Post should be identified as "In English" while no such notation accompanies
the Kerali Chronicle, also published in Calcutta. The Calcutta
Morning Post is known to be in English; experience suggests that the Kerali
Chronicle could be in one of several different languages, even though it has
an English title. It is not known what the language of the Kerali Chronicle
is, so no identification is made. Although it is realistic for the reader to expect
that a newspaper has English-language contents if it has an English-language
title, the exceptions are common, especially in developing nations. It is unfortunate
that in so many instances the language employed in the contents of
a paper remains unidentified.
Bibliographical data about many newspapers, except Canadian ones, is at a
minimum. Whenever possible, publication dates have been included, but the
question marks appearing with many of them indicate that there is sometimes
little substantiation for the dates proposed. Changes of title are even more
elusive. Successive entry cataloging has been employed when changes of title
occurred at relatively precise moments which can be identified. Simple cross
references have been made to former titles when it is not known when or how
long the titles were used, so that the reader will at least be directed to the
proper microform source.
Arrangement. Entries are arranged by countries in alphabetical order. The
names of countries are in the latest forms known at the time of publication
of this catalog, and entries are assigned to their proper countries according
to the best information available about territorial boundaries as they
existed at the time of publication. Cross references are made to the present
name of the country from previous names.
When a country has both a short name and a long name, the short name is
generally used. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is also called the
Soviet Union, even in official usage; the name Soviet Union is employed here.
The many countries whose official names begin with the words "Republic of"
or "People's Republic of" are listed here in their more common formsChina,
Philippines, South Africa, etc.
When a newspaper is published in a territory which is disputed by two
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Library of Congress. Catalog Management and Publication Division. Library of Congress Catalogs: Newspapers in Microform, Foreign Countries, 1948-1983, book, 1984; Washington, D. C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9463/m1/9/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .