Newsmap. Monday, December 6, 1943 : week of November 25 to December 2, 221st week of the war, 103rd week of U.S. participation Side: 1 of 2
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MONDAY, DECEMBER 6. 1943
OEK F NOVEMBER 25 TO DECEMBER 2
221s' Week of the War
103rd Week of U. S. Participation
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Volume II No. 33
The British Eighth Army swung forward on
the Adriatic coast. Gen. Montgomery established
two bridgeheads across the Sangro River, one five
and the other thirteen miles inland from the sea, and then
merged these, gaining control of the valley and biting into
the heavily-mined German positions for a distance of
about fourteen miles inland from the Adriatic.
The new gains put the Allied right flank within 20 miles
of Pescara and endangered the German road positions at
Lanciano and Castelfrentano. Tactical air support was
carried out by medium and light bombers and fighters.
The attack, launched at night, was preceded by a heavy
artillery barrage. On the western side of the Italian
Peninsula the Allied Fifth Army gained a few miles, extending
lines north of Venafro and taking Castelnuovo.
Soviet troops captured the Nazi-held stronghold
and rail center of Gomel. The city was
the last Nazi bastion east of the Dnepr River and fell to
the Red Army Nov. 26 after weeks of maneuvering during
which the Soviets moved into positions on all sides of
the city. Gomel fell as Soviet drives to the north and
south of the city were closing in on ZhIobin which lies
northwest of Gomel at the junction of the Gomel-Minsk
and Leningrad-Odessa rail lines.
Farther south along the same Leningrad-Odessa rail
line, the Soviets suffered their second substantial setback
in the current fighting. German troops recaptured Korosten
Nov. 30 eleven days after seizing another strategic rail
junction at Zhitomir which the Russians had taken previously
in the drive westward from Kiev.
Allied bombardment of Nazi industry
reached a new peak with a series of night
attacks on Berlin. British bombers hit the capital five
nights in a row, dropping thousands of tons of explosives
and incendiary bombs. Between Nov. 22 and Nov. 26
more than one-third of Berlin was reported ruined, with
transportation facilities paralyzed, water supplies cut off
in some sections and fires burning for days. More than
5000 tons of bombs were dropped the first three nights.
Bombers and fighters of the U. S. Eighth Air Force
rocked the German port and submarine construction center
of Bremen in a daylight assault Nov. 26. The blow
involved the greatest number of Liberators ever used in
the theater and unofficial estimates placed the number of
fighters and bombers that took part at 1000.
U. S. Marines and Army
LuUM^Mi ~u~hL .-b troops who invaded the Japheld
Gilbert Islands Nov. 20 won possession of the chain
of atolls in 76 hours of the most bitter fighting of the
Pacific campaign. Makin, an 11-mile lagoon was the first
to fall, Nov. 23, as infantry, supported by artillery, won
the small harbor. Tarawa, the largest of the groups, was
taken by the Second Marines who seized the initiative
from strongly counterattacking Jap forces.
The Navy Seabees put Tarawa airfield into operation
again within four days of the first landing.
While the opposition at Tarawa and our losses were
both heavy the Jap strength and extent of the enemy
preparations had not been underestimated. Aerial bombardment
and naval shelling preceded the landing for a
week. A sudden shift of the wind which unexpectedly
lowered the waters around Tarawa caused many landing
craft to hang up on coral reefs many yards from shore.
Battle reports indicated many Marines had to swim and
wade ashore from the distance of 800 yards across open
water which made them excellent targets for the entrenched
1@PTB 5I T EPM ~ s Australian infantry,
\J i Lrn JALi\ 0 tanks and artillery
seized the Jap defense point at Satelberg, Nov. 26 in the
most significant gain in the New Guinea land campaign
since the Allies took Finschhafen, Oct. 2, ten miles to the
southeast. The final struggle at Satelberg was marked by
U. S. light naval forces caught six Jap destroyers between
New Britain and Bougainville Nov. 24 and sank
four of them, damaging another. A Jap cruiser was hit
by a 1000-lb. bomb from a Liberator in St. George's Channel,
between New Britain and New Ireland.
left for unannounced destinations.
Following the meeting, announced simultaneously in
Cairo and Washington, a statement was issued which specifically
noted that it is the purpose of the United States,
Great Britain and China that Japan shall be stripped of
all the islands in the Pacific which she seized or occupied
since the beginning of the first World War in 1914 and
that all territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese such
as Manchuria, Formosa and the Pescadores shall be restored
to China. Japan will also be expelled from all other
territories she has taken by violence and greed. The three
great powers also stated their determination that in due
course the people of Korea would become free and independent.
More than 300 advisers of the three nations took part
and the American delegation included Gen. Marshall,
Adm. King, Gen. Arnold, Lt. Gen. Somervell, Maj. Gen.
Watson, Rear Adm. Brown, Rear Adm. Mclntire, Harry
Hopkins, Averell Harriman, Ambassador Winant and
Ambassador Steinhardt. Foreign Secretary Anthony
Eden was among the British delegation.
This damaged Australian Air Force Beaufighter, one of
a unit in Northwest Australia which destroyed 60 planes
in 10 months, is going back for repair after a belly
landing that followed a mission over Jap-held Timor.
Sgt. Ben Kuroki, of Hershey, Nebraska, a Liberator
gunner, is the only Japanese-American in the European
Theater of Operations. He has completed 30 missions,
holds the D. F. C. and Air Medal with three clusters.
0. W. I. Photo
Photos received in the past showed captured Soviet equipment
in use by Nazis in North Africa and Italy. This is
a Soviet 155mm gun used by the Germans in Corsica and
abandoned on the summit of Teghime before Bastia.
When enemy U-boats go down to the bottom for the last
time, the crew rarely survives. This blindfolded Nazi was
rescued after an action in the Atlantic. A British sailor
escorts him to a prison camp somewhere in England.
and distributed by ARMY ORIENTATION COURSE,A iF dzb-b, N., ili1i:b
KN E W SM A Morale Services Division Air A A . BO N., D',.
Army Service Forces, WAR DEPT., 2E581 Pentagon Bldg., Washington, D. C. P ,p-d free pebk ,-r-r, of nfr,"ion
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[United States.] Army Orientation Course. Newsmap. Monday, December 6, 1943 : week of November 25 to December 2, 221st week of the war, 103rd week of U.S. participation, poster, December 6, 1943; Washington, D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc946/m1/1/: accessed March 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.