''Til Death Do Us Part:' Marital Aftermath of One Spouse's Near-Death Experience Page: 208
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JOURNAL OF NEAR-DEATH STUDIES
profound psychological events with transcendental and mystical ele-
ments, typically occurring to individuals close to death or in situations
of intense physical or emotional danger. These elements include inef-
fability, a sense that the experience transcends personal ego, and an
experience of union with a divine or higher principle. (Greyson, 2000,
Near-death experiencers (NDErs) typically say that the NDE
felt absolutely real or hyperreal. Contents of NDEs include a sense
of consciousness functioning apart from the physical body and some
combination of features such as perceiving the material world and/or
transmaterial environments and communicating with trans-material
entities (Zingrone & Alvarado, 2009). Most NDEs are predominantly
pleasurable experiences involving primarily emotions such as peace,
joy, love, and cosmic unity (Greyson, 1983, 1993, 2000; Zingrone & Al-
varado, 2009). A smaller fraction of reported NDEs-perhaps as many
as 10%-are predominantly distressing experiences (Bush, 2009;
Greyson & Bush, 1992; Rommer, 2000) involving primarily emotions
such as fear, terror, horror, anger, isolation, or guilt. Numerous NDE
anecdotes, but no organized studies to date, indicate that NDErs' veri-
fiable perceptions of phenomena that should not have been perceivable
based on the condition and position of NDErs' physical bodies have,
nonetheless, been predominantly accurate (Holden, 2009).
Beyond NDE definitions and contents and questions about their
objective reality, researchers agree that these experiences often dra-
matically and permanently change experiencers' attitudes, beliefs,
and values (Greyson, 1991, 1997, 2000; Noyes, Fenwick, Holden, &
Christian, 2009; Ring 1984). NDE aftereffects can be grouped into
the areas of psychological and behavioral changes, changes in con-
sciousness and paranormal functioning, and physiological and neuro-
logical changes (Ring & Valarino, 1998). Psychological and behavioral
changes include loss of fear of death; decreased materialism and com-
petitiveness; and increased appreciation and reverence for life, self-
acceptance, concern for others, spirituality, quest for knowledge, sense
of purpose or mission (Gibson, 1994), belief in life after death, and
belief in God. Changes in consciousness and paranormal function-
ing include expanded mental awareness and paranormal sensitivi-
ties as well as perceived healing gifts. Physiological and neurological
changes include hyperesthesia, states of physiological hyperarousal,
and electromagnetic effects-malfunctioning of electrical devices in
the NDEr's vicinity (Nouri & Holden, 2008). In addition, religious
convictions often change in the aftermath of an NDE (Greyson, 1991;
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Christian, Rozan & Holden, Janice Miner. ''Til Death Do Us Part:' Marital Aftermath of One Spouse's Near-Death Experience, article, Summer 2012; Durham, North Carolina. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc938084/m1/2/: accessed February 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .