Structure Sensitivity of Carbon-Nitrogen Ring Opening: Impact of Platinum Particle Size from below 1 to 5 nm upon Pyrrole Hydrogenation Product Selectivity over Monodisperse Platinum Nanoparticles Loaded onto Mesoporous Silica Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Structure Sensitivity of Carbon-Nitrogen Ring Opening: Impact of Platinum Particle Size from below 1 to 5 nm upon Pyrrole Hydrogenation Product Selectivity over Monodisperse Platinum Nanoparticles Loaded onto Mesoporous Silica

Creator

  • Author: Kuhn, John N.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Huang, Wenyu
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Tsung, Chia-Kuang
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Zhang, Yawen
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Somorjai, Gabor A.
    Creator Type: Personal

Contributor

  • Sponsor: Chemical Sciences Division
    Contributor Type: Organization

Publisher

  • Name: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: Berkeley, California
    Additional Info: Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States)

Date

  • Creation: 2008-07-01

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: The ability to control fundamental properties (e.g., particle size, surface structure, and metal-oxide interface) in order to design highly selective heterogeneous catalysts would greatly reduce energy intensive separations. Particle size dependence (i.e., structure sensitivity) upon selectivity can now be examined with well defined nanoparticles (NPs) because of advances in synthetic chemistry. Colloidal chemistry has provided means for synthesizing monodisperse Pt NPs as small as {approx}2 nm. Using a dendrimer templated approach, Pt NPs smaller than 1 nm--a new size regime for studying size induced effects in heterogeneous catalysis--can be synthesized (Scheme 1). In this contribution, we report that ring opening for pyrrole hydrogenation is distinctly different for Pt NPs smaller than 2 nm. This insight has not been demonstrated for hydrogenation of cyclic heteroatom bonds to the best of our knowledge. This finding adds fundamental insight into hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) chemistry, which is important for fuel processing and involves removal of N-containing organics. Advances in HDN catalysis are needed to meet new fuel quality regulations because N-containing organics inhibit hydrodesulfurization (HDS) through competitive adsorption and poison acid catalysts, which are used for downstream processing and as supports for HDS catalysts. Pyrrole was selected as the reactant because organics with 5-member N-containing rings are the most common components in fuel.

Subject

  • Keyword: Removal
  • Keyword: Platinum
  • Keyword: Pyrroles
  • Keyword: Processing
  • STI Subject Categories: 37
  • Keyword: Hydrogenation
  • Keyword: Catalysts
  • Keyword: Sensitivity
  • Keyword: Adsorption
  • Keyword: Regulations
  • Keyword: Chemistry
  • Keyword: Catalysis
  • Keyword: Openings
  • Keyword: Particle Size
  • Keyword: Silica
  • Keyword: Design

Source

  • Journal Name: Journal of the American Chemical Society

Collection

  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • Report No.: LBNL-1785E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja805050c
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 951962
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc935134