Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends Page: 1 of 8
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Wind Power Development in the United States:
Current Progress, Future Trends
Ryan H. Wiser'
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Tel: 510-486-5474 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90-4000, Berkeley, California 94720
The U.S. wind power industry is in an era of substantial growth, with the U. S. and
China likely to vie for largest-market status for years to come. With the market
evolving at such a rapid pace, keeping up with current trends in the marketplace
has become increasingly difficult. At the same time, limits to future growth are
uncertain. This paper summarizes major trends in the U.S. wind market, and
explores the technical and economic feasibility of achieving much greater levels
of wind penetration. China would be well served to conduct similar analyses of
the feasibility, benefits, challenges, and policy needs associated with much higher
levels of wind power generation than currently expressed in national targets.
Keywords: Wind energy, renewable energy, cost trends, deployment
Global wind power capacity is growing at a rapid pace. Although European countries
have led the charge over most of the past decade, the U.S. has led the world in annual
capacity growth for three years running (2005-2007), followed by European stalwarts
Germany and Spain, as well as the up-and-coming Asian markets of China and India.
The technology has matured and, in good wind resource regimes, costs are
comparable to fossil-fuel generation. Governments the world over are supporting
continued growth through aggressive policy actions.
This paper begins with an overview of the U.S. wind power market. Drawing on the
results of a recent report by the U.S. Department of Energy (Wiser and Bolinger 2008),
this section emphasizes the growth and maturity of the U.S. wind market, as well as
1 Berkeley Lab's work on this paper was funded by the Wind & Hydropower Technologies
Program, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy of the U.S. Department of Energy
under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
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Wiser, Ryan H. Wind Power Development in the United States: Current Progress, Future Trends, article, October 29, 2008; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc933178/m1/1/: accessed October 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.