Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 233rd week of the war, 115th week of U.S. participation Side: 1 of 2
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THE WAR FRONTS
FENTRAL PACIFIC: Operations against" the Japs
in the Marshalls and Carolines
moved ahead swiftly, and new blows were struck at
the Marianas Islands only 1500 miles from Japan. The
Seventh Air Force bombed Ponape in the Carolines Feb.
14. Ponape is 612 miles west of Kwajalein and only 414
east of Truk. It is the fourth largest among the Carolines,
with extensive installations. Shortly after this mission was
reported the Navy announced that on Feb. 4, two Liberators
carrying 22 Marines on a reconnaissance mission had
been over the main Jap stronghold at Truk. At the same
time came the announcement that hundreds of our carrierborne
planes, the greatest carrier force ever to strike a
single objective, had dealt a crushing two-day attack against
Truk. Our fliers sank 19 ships, destroyed 201 enemy planes
and bombed and strafed installations and runways. Seven
more Jap ships were listed as probably sunk. Our losses
were 17 planes and one ship damaged.
The attack was so successful that no enemy planes took
to the air the second day and Admiral Nimitz, Commander
in Chief of the Pacific Fleet, announced that the U. S. fleet
has "returned at Truk the visit made by the Japanese fleet
at Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, and effected a partial settlement
of the debt." The Jap ships sunk included two
light cruisers, three destroyers, an ammunition ship, and a
The operation was a screening action for a landing on
Eniwetok Atoll, west of the Marshalls and only 760 miles
northeast of Truk. On Feb. 17, the 106th Infantry and
22nd Marines established beachheads on Eniwetok, following
a concentrated naval bombardment that included the
fire of 16-inch battleship guns. The enemy offered neither
sea nor air defense and American troops last week had all
of the atoll. Engebi Island at the northern end of the atoll,
where the enemy airfield is located, fell in six hours and
Pushing still deeper into the Japanese home territory,
on Feb. 22, hundreds of American carrier-borne planes attacked
Saipan and Tinian, which are Japanese bases at the
southern end of the Marianas or Ladrones Islands. These
enemy naval installations are little more than 100 miles
northeast from the American base at Guam captured by
the enemy early in the Pacific war. The Marianas are between
the Jap bases at Truk, in the Carolines, and the mainland
2100 miles distant, and our task force took advantage
of the crippling blow struck at Truk for a still deeper penetration
of the enemy-held portion of the Pacific.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: In the first naval surface
actions of the war
against the two largest Jap naval centers of the Southwest
Pacific, two U. S. destroyer forces bombarded Rabaul, on
New Britain, and Kavieng, New Ireland. Our ships suffered
no damage. Air attacks against both places continue
daily and in strength.
The closeness of our blockade on the Bismarck Archipelago
was illustrated in our air attacks on two enemy convoys
attempting to reinforce the important bases. One
convoy, caught by our bombers as it was coming from Truk
had almost all its vessels knocked out. Twelve of fourteen
merchantmen, totaling 36,500 tons, a destroyer and two
gunboats were sunk in a three-day attack off New Hanover.
With the New Ireland air strips out of action as the result
of our bombings the enemy convoys had no protective air
cover. This action was completed Feb. 16.
On Feb. 19 and 20 Allied airmen virtually destroyed a
second convoy, sinking nine vessels and probably sinking
three additional medium-sized freighters.
The convoy attack raised the total of enemy vessels sent
down in the area to 44 in a week while 164 enemy planes
were destroyed in the same period.
Destroyers of Admiral Halsey's forces again bombarded
New Ireland, striking at Cape St. George. Twenty-six of
50 intercepting planes were shot down.
AIR WAR: Prime Minister Churchill reported to the
House of Commons that the "AngloAmerican
air attack on Germany must be regarded as our
chief offensive effort at the present time." He.stated that
the spring and summer would see a great increase in the
FOR THE ARMED FORCES
233rd Week of the War
115th Week of U. S. Participation
force of the attacks directed against military targets in
Germany and occupied countries and that the air offensive
constitutes the foundation on which Allied plans for invasion
are based. The scale and degree of attack would reach
far beyond the dimensions of anything yet employed, he
Pointing up the Prime Minister's speech were the growing
attacks last week. Following the record blow at Berlin
the RAF on Feb. 19 struck at Leipzig, with 2567 tons of
bombs. Leipzig is a railroad hub and manufacturing center
whose plants include Junkers aircraft and synthetic gasoline
factories. The RAF lost 79 bombers, the biggest loss
in a single attack.
Following the RAF attack, the USAAF sent more than
2000 planes over Germany in an attack to destroy Nazi air
power in being and in the process of production. Targets
included Leipzig, Gotha, Brunswick, Bernburg, and Tutow.
General Arnold announced that the attacks knocked out
25 per cent of Nazi fighter plane output.
Two days later very strong formations of American
heavy bombers and Allied long-range fighters carried out
a coordinated attack from bases in England and Italy.
Fortresses and Liberators of the Eighth USAAF hit Halberstadt,
Aschersleben and Bernburg in Central Germany.
Bombers of the 15th Air Force hit the Messerschmitt 109
assembly and major airframe component factories at Regensberg.
The combined assault, coordinated and directed
by the U. S. strategic air force in Europe was the third
major daylight operation in as many days aimed at the destruction
of Germany's capacity to maintain an aerial defense
against further bombing.
the Arakan front northwest of Akyab in
Southwest Burma British forces regained
the offensive after a Jap encirclement movement that cut
behind the Seventh Indian Division. The division held a
front running through Maungdaw and Buthidaung and
the Japs had taken high ground commanding Ngakyedauk
Pass which was the route through the Mayu Mountains
over which ran the Seventh's communication line.
Counterattacks by Southeast Asia forces employing
tanks and carriers dispersed the enemy whose number of
casualties reached 3000. The Japs were hit both by forces
west of the Mayu Range and by Indian troops east of it and
the threat to the communications line was broken.
Imperial troops are within 33 miles of Akyab, the deep"Island
forts" such as the one shown here are used by the
British to protect East Coast shipping from enemy aircraft.
They consist of two concrete towers, 50 ft. high connected
by steel superstructure on which AA equipment is mounted.
f. 1 N~0 N
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est penetration made in the Arakan sector since the offensive
launched there early in January. West African troops are
advancing south along both banks of the Kaladan River
and are some 50 miles north of Akyab.
In the north, American-trained Chinese troops in the
Hukawng Valley who began their movement last November
screening the Ledo Road construction, now have the
announced objective of cleaning the Japs from all North
Burma. These troops, supplied entirely by air, operate in
dense jungles and the towns that mark their positions, such
as Taipha Ga, consist of only a few native huts. Their
value is principally their surrounding clearings which enable
troops to dig in.
USSR: The Red Army gained major victories on both
the Northern and Southern fronts and the
Nazis appeared powerless even to make local successes.
On the Northern front the Soviets took Staraya Russa
as the Reds increased their pressure from Novgorod and
from Luga toward Pskov. Situated 10 miles south of Lake
Ilmen, Staraya Russa has long been a Soviet objective and
is the junction of six highways and three rail lines. Moving
southward in the area east of Lake Peipus the Soviets were
some 35 miles from Pskov.
In the South the final stage of the elimination of the ten
enemy divisions pocketed in the Dnepr River Bend was
concluded and the entire German Eighth Army wiped out.
Some 55,000 Germans were killed, 18,000 captured and
another 20,000 died trying to break the encirclement from
the outside. Fewer than 3000, mostly officers and technicians,
were ferried out by planes before Soviet occupation
of the enemy airfields.
Soviet troops captured Krivoi Rog. junction of five railroads
and numerous highways. The important mining iron
ore center was one of the few major communication centers
still in German hands in the lower Ukraine.
IT AIY The Germans in Cassino were able only to keep
ITA O I small gap open leading from that shell-scarred
town as American troops steadily drew a circle around the
area after battling their way across the Rapido River. Much
of the contest was for mountain peaks with ground changing
hands more than once in the fierce fighting. There was,
however, little change in the battleline.
On the Anzio Beachhead below Rome, fifty miles northwest
of Cassino, the Germans launched their second major
attempt to drive the Allied forces into the sea and were
Under strong enemy air and artillery support Col. Gen.
von Mackensen's Fourteenth Army at one time gained
almost two miles below Aprilia in the direction of Anzio.
This ground which was lost, however, appeared to have
been retaken as the German onslaught was blunted by the
superior Allied air power and the aid of Allied naval
(CHINA: During the week ending Feb. 17, the Four'teenth
Air Force sank 27,500 tons of Jap
shipping, probably sank another 4700 tons and damaged
3600 tons in raids on enemy shipping in the China Sea. It
was the unit's most successful seven days and the figures
did not include any of the small craft, such as junks and
Since July 4, 1942 when the USAAF began operations
from Chinese bases the Fourteenth has sunk 500,000 tons
of enemy shipping.
SUBMARINMES: British and American submarines
last week were revealed to have sunk
32 enemy vessels, probably six more and damaged eight
Thirteen of the vessels were Japanese, and were sunk by
two American subs deep in Japanese Empire waters. The
tonnage of the 13 Japanese ships which were sunk totaled
68,500 tons, indicating that they averaged more than 5000
At the same time the British Admiralty announced that
British submarines operating in the North Atlantic, Mediterranean
and Indian Ocean destroyed 19 enemy vessels
ranging up to the largest types of supply vessels, and in
addition damaged six others.
utip their radio-telephone sets behind a low sea
the beach at Roi Island on Kwajalein Atoll this
Corps communications unit stands by for orders.
These Leathernecks lost no time when they landed on the
beach at Namur Island. The machine gunner set up his
weapon before taking time to remove his inflation belt.
This panoramic view of the islands in the Truk Lagoon was made in the pre-war period when the Japs were fortifying the group. I
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I"" Prepared for ARMY ORIENTATION COURSE, M.S.D. N-1 d.,,,o
v.!A By ARMY INFORMATION BRANCH, M.S.D., A.S.F. r MONDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1944 eWEEK OF FEBRUARY 17 TO FEBRUARY 24 -Volume II No. 45 F
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[United States.] Army Service Forces. Morale Services Division. Army Information Branch. Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 233rd week of the war, 115th week of U.S. participation, poster, February 28, 1944; [Washington, D.C.]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc933/m1/1/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.