Early actinide organonitrile compounds and their reactivity.

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The actinide trihalides are an important class of materials . Anhydrous AnX3 compounds have been prepared via high temperature synthetic techniques, but they exis t as polymeric solids, which are insoluble in organic solvents . 1-3 Transuranic complexe s AnI3(THF)X have been prepared by the reaction of metals with CZH4IZ in THF solution s (An = Pu, x = 5; An = Np, x = 4) 4 and can be viewed as a net oxidation of An metal wit h 1 .5 equivalents molecular iodine. A convenient preparation of organic solvent soluble trivalent actinide compounds has been described where 1 ... continued below

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[7] p.

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Enriquez, A. E. (Alejandro E.); Matonic, J. H. (John H.); Scott, B. L. (Brian L.) & Neu, M. P. (Mary P.) January 1, 2003.

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Description

The actinide trihalides are an important class of materials . Anhydrous AnX3 compounds have been prepared via high temperature synthetic techniques, but they exis t as polymeric solids, which are insoluble in organic solvents . 1-3 Transuranic complexe s AnI3(THF)X have been prepared by the reaction of metals with CZH4IZ in THF solution s (An = Pu, x = 5; An = Np, x = 4) 4 and can be viewed as a net oxidation of An metal wit h 1 .5 equivalents molecular iodine. A convenient preparation of organic solvent soluble trivalent actinide compounds has been described where 1 .5 equivalents of IZ are added t o actinide (An) metal turnings (An = Pu, U, Np) suspended in aprotic organic coordinatin g solvent. 5,6 Since virtually all nonaqueous An(III) complexes have been prepared throug h the triodide-tetrahydrofuran complex, we are interested in preparing complexes wit h solvents other than tetrahydrofuran . And, since uranium is often used as a surrogate for studying the chemistry of transuranic actinides, we are seeking to elucidate the chemical differences between the transuranic elements and uranium .

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[7] p.

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  • Submitted to: Plutonium Futures Conference, Albuquerque,, NM, July 6-10, 2003

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  • Report No.: LA-UR-03-0749
  • Grant Number: none
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 976546
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc932783

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • January 1, 2003

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Dec. 9, 2016, 11:17 p.m.

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Enriquez, A. E. (Alejandro E.); Matonic, J. H. (John H.); Scott, B. L. (Brian L.) & Neu, M. P. (Mary P.). Early actinide organonitrile compounds and their reactivity., article, January 1, 2003; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc932783/: accessed December 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.