Rational Ligand Design for U(VI) and Pu(IV) Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Rational Ligand Design for U(VI) and Pu(IV)

Creator

  • Author: Szigethy, Geza
    Creator Type: Personal

Contributor

  • Sponsor: Chemical Sciences Division
    Contributor Type: Organization

Publisher

  • Name: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: Berkeley, California
    Additional Info: Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States)

Date

  • Creation: 2009-08-12

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: Nuclear power is an attractive alternative to hydrocarbon-based energy production at a time when moving away from carbon-producing processes is widely accepted as a significant developmental need. Hence, the radioactive actinide power sources for this industry are necessarily becoming more widespread, which is accompanied by the increased risk of exposure to both biological and environmental systems. This, in turn, requires the development of technology designed to remove such radioactive threats efficiently and selectively from contaminated material, whether that be contained nuclear waste streams or the human body. Raymond and coworkers (University of California, Berkeley) have for decades investigated the interaction of biologically-inspired, hard Lewis-base ligands with high-valent, early-actinide cations. It has been established that such ligands bind strongly to the hard Lewis-acidic early actinides, and many poly-bidentate ligands have been developed and shown to be effective chelators of actinide contaminants in vivo. Work reported herein explores the effect of ligand geometry on the linear U(IV) dioxo dication (uranyl, UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}). The goal is to utilize rational ligand design to develop ligands that exhibit shape selectivity towards linear dioxo cations and provides thermodynamically favorable binding interactions. The uranyl complexes with a series of tetradentate 3-hydroxy-pyridin-2-one (3,2-HOPO) ligands were studied in both the crystalline state as well as in solution. Despite significant geometric differences, the uranyl affinities of these ligands vary only slightly but are better than DTPA, the only FDA-approved chelation therapy for actinide contamination. The terepthalamide (TAM) moiety was combined into tris-beidentate ligands with 1,2- and 3,2-HOPO moieties were combined into hexadentate ligands whose structural preferences and solution thermodynamics were measured with the uranyl cation. In addition to achieving coordinative saturation, these ligands exhibited increased uranyl affinity compared to bis-Me-3,2-HOPO ligands. This result is due in part to their increased denticity, but is primarily the result of the presence of the TAM moiety. In an effort to explore the relatively unexplored coordination chemistry of Pu(IV) with bidentate moieties, a series of Pu(IV) complexes were also crystallized using bidentate hydroxypyridinone and hydroxypyrone ligands. The geometries of these complexes are compared to that of the analogous Ce(IV) complexes. While in some cases these showed the expected structural similarities, some ligand systems led to significant coordination changes. A series of crystal structure analyses with Ce(IV) indicated that these differences are most likely the result of crystallization condition differences and solvent inclusion effects.

Subject

  • Keyword: Saturation
  • Keyword: Therapy
  • Keyword: Crystal Structure
  • Keyword: Actinides
  • Keyword: Geometry
  • Keyword: Radioactive Wastes
  • STI Subject Categories: 37
  • Keyword: In Vivo
  • Keyword: Uranyl Complexes
  • Keyword: Thermodynamics
  • Keyword: Shape
  • Keyword: Solvents
  • Keyword: Contamination
  • Keyword: Affinity
  • Keyword: Crystallization
  • Keyword: Chemistry
  • Keyword: Cations
  • Keyword: Nuclear Power
  • Keyword: Design

Source

  • Related Information: Designation of Academic Dissertation: doctoral thesis; Academic Degree: Ph.D.; Name of Academic Institution: University of California, Berkeley

Collection

  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Thesis or Dissertation

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • Report No.: LBNL-2481E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 972716
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc932742